COLING Workshop endorsed by SIGLEX

Cognitive Aspects of the Lexicon: Enhancing the Structure, Indexes and Entry Points of Electronic Dictionaries

Manchester, 24 August, 2008

In connection with Coling 2008, the 22nd International Conference on Computational Linguistics, 18-22 august, 2008

Preliminary program | Call for Papers | Topics | Target audience | Contact Person

Preliminary program

  9:00-9:10  Welcome to participants
  9:10-11:40  Long papers : 40 minutes each (30 + 10)
  09:10-9:50   Terry Joyce and Irena Srdanovic   Comparing Lexical Relationships Observed within Japanese Collocation Data and Japanese Word Association Norms abstract
  09:50-10:30   Michael Zock and Didier Schwab   Lexical access based on underspecified input abstract
  10:30-11:00  Coffee break + poster installation
  11:00-11:40  Fons Moerdijk, Carole Tiberius and Jan Niestadt   Accessing the ANW Dictionary abstract
  11:40-12:45  Short poster presentation (8 minutes) in front of the audience
  11:40-11:48  Claire Brierley and Eric Atwell   ProPOSEL: a human-oriented prosody and PoS English lexicon for machine-learning and NLP abstract
  11:48-11:56  Gerardo Sierra   Natural Language Searching in Onomasiological Dictionaries abstract
  11:56-12:04  Carolin Mueller-Spitzer and Christine Moehrs   First ideas of user-adapted views of lexicographic data exemplified on OWID and elexiko abstract
  12:04-12:12  Chu-Ren Huang, Ya-Min Chou, Chiyo Hotani, Sheng-Yi Chen and Wan-Ying Lin   Multilingual Conceptual Access to Lexicon based on Shared Orthography: An ontology-driven study of Chinese and Japanese abstract
  12:12-12:20  Neculai Curteanu, Alex Moruz and Diana Trandabat   Extracting Sense Trees from the Romanian Thesaurus by Sense Segmentation & Dependency Parsing abstract
  12:20-12:28  Andreyeva Sasha   Lexical-Functional Correspondences and Their Use in the System of Machine Translation ETAP-3 abstract
  12:28-12:36  Kyoko Kanzaki, Noriko Tomuro and Hitoshi Isahara   The "Close-Distant" Relation of Adjectival Concepts Based on Self-Organizing Map abstract
  12:36-12:44  Aurelien Max and Michael Zock   Looking up phrase rephrasings via a pivot language abstract
  12:45-14:00  Lunch
  14:00-14:40   Bruno Gaume, Karine Duvignau, Laurent Prevot and Yann Desalle   Toward a cognitive organization for electronic dictionaries, the case for semantic proxemy abstract
  14:40-15:20   Andrea Abel, Marco Baroni and Gerhard Kremer   Cognitively Salient Relations for Multilingual Lexicography abstract
  15:20-16:00  Coffee break + poster session
  16:00-16:40   Reinhard Rapp   The Computation of Associative Responses to Multiword Stimuli abstract
  17:00-17:30   Wrap up discussion   Where do we stand, where shall we go?
  17:30  End of the workshop

Call for Papers

What are people looking for when they use a dictionary? What strategies do they use for search? What do people know before they start? These questions concern the cognitive aspects of the lexicon, and their answers should guide the design of online dictionaries.

Many people believe in the virtues of completeness. Yet, the quality of a dictionary depends not only on coverage (number of entries) and granularity, but also on accessibility of information. Access strategies vary with the task (text understanding vs. text production) and the knowledge available at the moment of consultation (word, concept, sound). Unlike readers who look for meanings, writers start from them, searching for the corresponding words. While paper dictionaries are static, permitting only limited strategies for accessing information, their electronic counterparts promise dynamic, proactive search via multiple criteria (meaning, sound, related word) and via diverse access routes. Navigation takes place in a huge conceptual-lexical space, and the results are displayable in a multitude of forms (as trees, as lists, as graphs, or sorted alphabetically, by topic, by frequency).

Many lexicographers work nowadays with huge digital corpora, using language technology to build and to maintain the resource. But access to the potential wealth in dictionaries remains limited for the common user. Yet, the new possibilities of electronic media in terms of comfort, speed and flexibility (multiple inputs, polyform outputs) are enormous. We have not even realized their full potential yet. More than just allowing electronic versions of paper-bound dictionaries, computers provide a freedom for rethinking dictionaries, thesauri, encyclopedia, etc., a distinction necessary in the past for economical reasons, but not justified anymore. The goal of this workshop is to perform the groundwork for the next generation of electronic dictionaries, that is, to study the possibility of integrating the different resources, as well as to explore the feasability of taking the user’s needs, knowledge and access strategies into account.

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Submissions to the workshop should address one or more of the following:

  1. Conceptual input of a dictionary user: what is present in speakers’/writers’ minds when they are generating a message and looking for a (target) word? Does the user have in mind conceptual primitives, semantically related words, some type of partial definition, something like synsets, or something completely different?

  2. Access, navigation and search strategies: support search based on prior knowledge. We would like to be able to access entries by word form but also by meaning and sounds (syllables). Even if input is given in an incomplete, imprecise or degraded form. The more precise the conceptual input, the less navigation should be needed and vice versa. How can we create local search spaces, and provide a user with the tools for navigating within them?

  3. Indexing words and organizing the lexicon: Words and concepts can be organized in many ways, varying according to typology and conceptual systems. For example, words are traditionally organized alphabetically in Western languages, but by semantic radicals and stroke counts in Chinese. The way words and concepts are organized affects indexing and access. Indexing must robustly allow for multiple ways of navigation and access. What efficient organizational principles allow the greatest flexibility for access? What about lexical entry standardization? Are universal definitions possible? What about efforts such as the Lexical Markup Framework (LMF) and other global structures for the lexicon? Can ontologies be combined with standards for the lexicon?

  4. NLP Applications: Contributors can also address the issue of how such enhanced dictionaries, once embedded in existing NLP applications, can boost performance and help solve lexical and textual-entailment problems such as those evaluated in SEMEVAL 2007, or, more generally, generation problems encountered in the context of summarization, question-answering, interactive paraphrasing or translation.

Target audience

The aim of this workshop is to bring together leading researchers involved in the building of electronic dictionaries to discuss modifications of existing resources in line with the users’ needs (i.e. how to capitalize on the advantages of the digital form). Given the breadth of the questions, we welcome reports on work from many perspectives, including, but not limited to: linguistics, computer science, psycholinguistics, language learning, and ergonomics. We request that contributions address computational aspects.

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Michael Zock (LIF, CNRS, Marseille, France)
Chu-Ren Huang (Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan)

Program Committee

* Slaven Bilac, Google-Tokyo, (Japan)
* Pierrette Bouillon, ISSCO, Geneva, (Switzerland)
* Dan Cristea, University of Iasi, (Romania)
* Christiane Fellbaum, Princeton, (USA)
* Olivier Ferret, CEA LIST, (France)
* Thierry Fontenelle, Microsoft, Redmont, (USA)
* Gregory Grefenstette, CEA LIST, (France)
* Graeme Hirst, University of Toronto, (Canada)
* Ed Hovy, ISI, Los Angeles, (USA)
* Chu-Ren Huang, Sinica, (Taiwan)
* Terry Joyce, Tama University, Kanagawa-ken, (Japan)
* Adam Kilgarriff, Brighton, Lexical Computing Ltd, (UK)
* Philippe Langlais, University of Montreal, (Canada)
* Dekang Lin, Google, Mountain View, California, (USA)
* Rada Mihalcea, University of North Texas, (USA)
* Alain Polguère, University of Montreal, (Canada)
* Reinhard Rapp, University of Tarragona, (Spain)
* Sabine Schulte im Walde, University of Stuttgart, (Germany)
* Gilles Serasset, Imag, Grenoble, (France)
* Anna Sinopalnikova, FIT, BUT, Brno, (Czech Republic)
* Takenobu Tokunaga, Titech, Tokyo, (Japan)
* Dan Tufis, RACAI, Bucharest, (Romania)
* Jean Véronis, Université d’Aix-Marseille, (France)
* Yorick Wilks, Oxford Internet Institute, (UK)
* Michael Zock, LIF, CNRS, Marseille, (France)
* Pierre Zweigenbaum, Limsi, Orsay, (France)

Contact person

Please email if you have any questions regarding this workshop.

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Last updated: 23/7/08